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Pediatric Kidney Disease

Key Points About Kidney Disease in Children

  • Kidney disease (renal failure) is short-term or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function. There are two different types.
  • Acute kidney disease starts suddenly. In some cases, it may be reversed and the kidneys can work normally again.
  • Chronic kidney disease gets worse slowly over at least three months. It can lead to permanent kidney failure.
  • Kidney disease has many possible causes, such as blood loss, medicines, urinary blockage, genetic disease or infections.
  • Treatment may include changes in diet, medicines, dialysis or surgery.
  • Because the kidneys have many functions, kidney failure can affect many body systems.


Treatment Services

Tunneled Central Venous Catheter
A tunneled central line is a catheter (a thin tube) that is placed in a vein for long term use. Learn more about this procedure.
Children's Team

Children's Team


Locations that Treat this Condition

Locations that Treat this Condition

Show more Locations
Our Stories

Our Stories

side by side photo Kaylee Townsley Roxi Vasquez

Kaylee and Roxi's Story

Kaylee Townsley, a seventh-grader, is 12. Roxi Vasquez, a high school senior, is 18. They live in different towns and attend different schools but became "sisters" as they shared the same kidney transplant experience.



Dialysis Program

Children’s National has the only dialysis facility in the Washington, D.C., region dedicated exclusively for infants, children and teens.


Kidney Transplantation

The Kidney Transplantation Program is the only one of its kind in the Washington, D.C., area focused on the needs of children and teens with kidney disease. Additionally, it is the region's only Medicare-approved center for kidney transplants in children and teens.


Learn how our highly skilled team works across divisions to manage the full range of kidney diseases in children, including dialysis and kidney transplantation.