What patients and families need to know
Understanding your child's condition is an important step on your treatment journey. Learn more about causes, symptoms and diagnosis for a variety of conditions, as well as unique treatments and research being performed at Children's National.
Exstrophy of the bladder is when a baby’s bladder has grown inside out and is sticking through the wall of the belly (abdomen).
Horseshoe kidney occurs in about one in 500 children. It occurs during fetal development as the kidneys move into their normal position in the flank area (area around the side, just above the waist).
A hydrocele occurs from an accumulation of fluid in the tunica vaginalis (a thin pouch that holds the testes within the scrotum).
Hypospadias is a malformation that affects the urethral tube and the foreskin on a male's penis. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Megaureter (dilated ureter) is an abnormality of one or both of the ureters of a child.
Micropenis is defined as a normally structured penis that is below the normal size range for an infant.
Phimosis is a constriction of the opening of the foreskin so that it cannot be drawn back over the tip of the penis.
PUV is an abnormality of the urethra, which is the tube that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body for elimination.
Prune belly syndrome is also known as triad syndrome or Eagle-Barrett syndrome.
Testicular torsion is a twisting of the testicles and the spermatic cord (the structure extending from the groin to the testes that contains nerves, ducts, and blood vessels).