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Coronavirus Update:What patients and families need to know

Conditions

Understanding your child's condition is an important step on your treatment journey. Learn more about causes, symptoms and diagnosis for a variety of conditions, as well as unique treatments and research being performed at Children's National.

Acute Renal Failure

Renal failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function. There are two different types of renal failure—acute and chronic.

Chronic Kidney Disease

Diseases of the kidneys often produce temporary or permanent changes to the small functional structures and vessels inside the kidney. 

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

HUS is a rare condition that can lead to kidney failure in children. Kidney failure develops as a result of destruction of the small, functional structures and vessels inside the kidney.

Horseshoe Kidney

Horseshoe kidney occurs in about one in 500 children. It occurs during fetal development as the kidneys move into their normal position in the flank area (area around the side, just above the waist).

Hydronephrosis

Learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for hydronephrosis, a condition that affects the kidneys.

Hypertension

High blood pressure is also called hypertension. Blood pressure, measured with a blood pressure cuff and stethoscope by a nurse or other healthcare provider, is the force of the blood pushing against the artery walls.

Nephrotic Syndrome

The type of nephrotic syndrome that is most common in children is called idiopathic nephrotic syndrome.


Polycystic Kidney Diseases

Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. 

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus, also known as SLE or simply lupus, is a disease that is characterized by periodic episodes of inflammation of and damage to the joints, tendons, other connective tissues and organs. Learn more about this condition.