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Prenatal Cardiology Program

Program coordinator | 202-476-4944
doctor consults with pregnant woman

Caring for Hearts Before Birth

Advanced diagnostic technologies help our Prenatal Cardiology team plan care for congenital heart issues in utero, for the best possible outcomes.

Our littlest patients aren’t even born yet. Through our Prenatal Cardiology Program, in collaboration with the Prenatal Pediatrics Institute, we provide comprehensive, specialized care for the unborn child diagnosed with a heart condition.

Prenatal Cardiology Program at Children’s National Hospital: Why Choose Us

In our Prenatal Cardiology Program, we treat the unborn child as a separate and individual patient. Features of our care include:

  • Collaboration: We coordinate care for the unborn child across many different specialists, including maternal prenatal medicine physicians and obstetricians with subspecialties in cardiology, cardiac surgery, genetics and radiology.
  • Supporting prenatal development: While our specialty is the prenatal heart, our goal is a healthy child. We monitor brain function and other aspects of prenatal development to ensure the best possible outcomes for the child after birth. Learn more about our Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Program.
  • Early detection: Through innovations such as fetal echocardiography and fetal magnetic resonance imaging, we can detect heart abnormalities as early as 12 weeks gestation. Early detection allows us to plan any necessary interventions as soon as possible. Learn more about cardiac imaging.
  • Care for the whole family: Expectant mothers whose babies have been diagnosed with a heart condition may experience sadness and anxiety. These feelings can affect a mother's family as well as her pregnancy. Our team works with the entire family to provide emotional support to mothers and loved ones during this time.  

Prenatal Cardiology Team at Children’s National

It takes a big team to care for a tiny heart. Our Prenatal Cardiology Program, the preeminent provider of prenatal cardiac services in the region, works together with Children’s Division of Prenatal and Transitional Medicine. Your unborn child’s heart team may include many specialists, such as:

  • Prenatal cardiologists
  • Prenatal neurologists
  • Pediatric radiologists
  • Social workers
  • Dedicated program coordinator
  • Dedicated nurse coordinator 

In addition, as we plan for your baby to begin life outside the womb, we work with many members of the pediatric heart team, including interventional cardiologists, cardiac anesthesiologists, neonatologists and cardiac surgeons. Together, we create a plan so we are ready for all possibilities after your baby’s birth.

Prenatal Cardiac Care: What to Expect Before and After Birth

Our team ensures continuity of care for your child. The treatment that begins during pregnancy transitions seamlessly to care during birth and infancy.

Treatment goals are to:

  • Treat your unborn child as a separate and individual patient
  • Understand how heart conditions may affect your child’s well-being during the pregnancy
  • Determine if and when intervention is necessary, including medical management of prenatal arrhythmias and treating heart failure 

Prenatal Cardiac Care During Pregnancy

If your obstetrician detects an abnormality during a routine ultrasound, he or she may refer you for further testing. At Children’s National, we use the most advanced prenatal diagnostic imaging to capture detailed images of your child’s heart, including:

  • Fetal Echocardiography, an ultrasound of the heart, helps us diagnose and manage prenatal heart conditions such as congenital heart disease, arrhythmias and congestive heart failure. Because we use the most advanced equipment and techniques, it is possible to identify defects as early as 12 weeks gestation.
  • Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is also used in some potential diagnoses to help assess the heart and surrounding structures. An MRI can help to complement the information learned through ultrasound.

Additionally, some unborn babies may benefit from medical in utero interventions, which include drug management of potentially life-threatening prenatal arrhythmias and treatment of heart failure.

Prenatal Cardiac Care Through Birth and Infancy 

Depending on the severity of your child’s condition, we will recommend that you deliver at your local hospital with support from our team, or in some situations, here at Children’s National. We are a leader in the field of delivery planning and assess delivery risk for babies with congenital heart disease. This helps us plan where you should deliver as well as the level of care your baby will need after birth. To ensure the best transition of care, Children’s Critical Care Delivery Program team and the Children’s National Heart Institute collaborate to provide ongoing management for babies at the time of delivery and after they are born. Our care and support services include:

  • Birth Planning: We work with you, your family, and medical professionals at your birth hospital to plan for your baby’s delivery and immediate after care. We ensure that the baby’s heart condition is managed effectively during delivery for the best outcome.
  • Prenatal Support Services: The Prenatal and Translational Medicine and Prenatal Cardiology Program team members enjoy strong ties in the community, allowing good communication among local obstetricians, neonatologists and pediatricians.
  • Prenatal Critical Care Delivery Program: This is a highly specialized program for situations when we anticipate the child will need immediate critical care at the time of birth. In these cases, the mother will deliver at Children’s National with the support of the obstetrical team and neonatal specialists.
  • Cardiac Surgery: If we need to perform cardiac surgery soon after birth, we will arrange for you to deliver in a facility where our cardiologists can help stabilize the newborn before transport to our hospital.
  • Continuing care at Children’s National: Once your infant has been transported to our hospital, he or she continues to receive the highest level of care in the region’s only dedicated cardiac intensive care unit

Contact Us

To make an appointment with our experienced prenatal cardiology team, please call 202-476-4944.

Penelope's Story


Penelope and sisters

Before Penelope was even born, she had a team of Children's specialists ready with a treatment plan for her heart defect.

Penelope's Story

Prenatal Cardiology Program Team

  •  Mary Donofrio

    Mary Donofrio
    Medical Director, Prenatal Cardiology Program
    Co-Director, Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Program
    Advanced Imaging Cardiologist

  • Mary L. Falterman

    Mary Falterman

  • Suma Goudar

    Suma Goudar
    Advanced Imaging Cardiologist

  • Anita Krishnan

    Anita Krishnan
    Advance Imaging Cardiologist

  • Stephanie Lacey

    Stephanie Lacey
    Advanced Imaging Cardiologist

  • Yves d'Udekem

    Yves d'Udekem
    Division Chief, Cardiac Surgery
    Co-Director, Children's National Heart Institute

  • Can Yerebakan

    Can Yerebakan
    Associate Chief, Cardiac Surgery
    Director, HLHS Hybrid Program
    Director, Cardiovascular Surgery Fellowship Program