Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Program
Maximize Your Child’s Potential for a Bright Future
The Cardiac Neurodevelopment Outcome (CANDO) Program is the region’s only program designed specifically to monitor neurodevelopmental growth in children born with congenital heart disease.
At Children’s National Heart Institute, we focus on cardiac care, but our goal is for your child to be healthy and thriving in every way. We care about how your child’s heart condition and treatments affect his or her overall health and development, especially cognitive growth.
To monitor this cognitive growth in children born with congenital heart disease (CHD), Children's National established the Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome (CANDO) Program – the only program of its kind in the Washington, D.C., metro region. We are a member of the Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Collaborative (CNOC), an organization that works to determine and implement best practices of neurodevelopmental and psychosocial services for patients with pediatric and congenital heart disease. We follow the guidelines put forth by the American Heart Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics, which recommend routine developmental evaluations as part of cardiac follow-up care.
The Heart-Brain Connection
Extensive research has demonstrated that children with congenital heart disease who are born blue or who need cardiac surgery in their first year of life are at risk for developmental and/or learning difficulties.
Even if early milestones are reached on time, your child may develop learning difficulties in later years. Our dedicated CANDO program will work with your child from infancy through his or her adolescent and teen years to identify and manage any developmental problems, allowing him or her to grow to their greatest potential.
Features of our program include:
- Inpatient developmental care. While your child is in the hospital, our team makes recommendations to his or her medical team about their needs from a developmental perspective. Our multidisciplinary team meets weekly to ensure we focus on reducing stress levels in parents, encourage bonding and support a nurturing environment for growing and learning.
- Early interventions. The earlier we identify a problem, the better the opportunity for a successful outcome. If we determine your child has a developmental or learning difficulty, we will provide recommendations, plan treatment and work with your child’s cardiologist and pediatrician. Our goal is to begin a treatment plan before your child is old enough to attend school.
- Regular outpatient assessment and treatment recommendations. Our team meets with your child regularly to look for specific developmental, behavioral and neurocognitive problems. Evaluations begin in infancy and continue through your child’s transition to adulthood.
- Renowned experts. Our experienced team includes experts in child development, neurology and neuropsychology who are well-trained in identifying problems and planning treatment programs. Our clinicians have specialized experience in working with children with complex cardiac histories.
How the CANDO Program Helps Your Child
The CANDO program is a long-term care program. We are with your child often from birth through your child's transition to adulthood. This continuity of care means that we know our patients thoroughly, from their heart condition to their favorite ice cream flavor. We are always available to discuss your child’s treatment and progress with you.
The CANDO Program provides:
- Comprehensive profiles. We create a detailed profile of your child’s developmental, cognitive, and behavioral strengths and weaknesses.
- Evaluations. We perform comprehensive evaluations for neurodevelopmental disorders such as ADHD or other learning disorders at different stages of your child’s development.
- Treatment planning. We provide families with information to guide treatment and intervention for developmental delays, as well as specialized suggestions for school.
- Ongoing monitoring. We monitor your child’s progress and the effectiveness of the treatment over time.
Learn more about what you and your child can expect in the different stages of our program.
Download the New CANDO Kids App
The app is designed for Children's National CANDO parents to learn more about developmental milestones. We hope this educational tool will help CANDO families connect with us and seek prompt early intervention should a concern arise. Available on the App Store or Google Play.
Enrolling in the CANDO Program
If your child undergoes heart surgery within the first year of life, he or she is automatically enrolled in our program. Before your family leaves the hospital, a CANDO team member will make an initial assessment, talk with you about further planning and arrange an outpatient appointment.
Other ways to enroll your child:
- A pediatric cardiologist can refer your child to our program at any age, as long as your child meets at least one of the following criteria:
- Had heart surgery in the first year of life
- Has a cyanotic heart defect (a congenital heart defect that results in a "blue" baby with lower than normal blood oxygen level)
- Has a heart defect and neurologic risk factor such as stroke, seizure or other neurological abnormality – even if surgery was not required
- There is a developmental concern during a routine exam in a child with CHD, even if surgery was not required
- Your pediatrician can refer your child or you can contact us directly after discussing whether your child qualifies
Additionally, if your child's surgery was many years ago or if they had surgery at another hospital, they can always come to Children’s National for developmental care.
To learn if your child would benefit from a CANDO visit or to schedule an appointment at Children’s National, call 202-476-6867 or email CANDO@childrensnational.org.
Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Program Team
Medical Director, Prenatal Cardiology Program
Co-Director, Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Program
Advanced Imaging Cardiologist
Co-Director, Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Program
Director, Pediatric Stroke Program
Co-Director, Critical Care Neurology
Associate Director, Child Development Program
Director, Neurocardiac Critical Care
Rebecca V. Chen
Clinical Program Coordinator, Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Clinic (CANDO)