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Conditions

Understanding your child's condition is an important step on your treatment journey. Learn more about causes, symptoms and diagnosis for a variety of conditions, as well as unique treatments and research being performed at Children's National.

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory disease in which the airways become sensitive to allergens (any substance that triggers an allergic reaction).

Pediatric Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemical irritants.

Meningitis

Meningitis is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection that invades the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). 

Seizures

A seizure occurs when part(s) of the brain receives a burst of abnormal electrical signals that temporarily interrupts normal electrical brain function. 

Sepsis or Septic Shock

Sepsis is a term for severe infection that is present in the blood and spreads throughout the body.

Arrhythmia

An arrhythmia (also called dysrhythmia) is an abnormal rhythm of the heart.

Apnea of Prematurity

Apnea is a term for the absence of breathing for more than 20 seconds. It can occur in full-term babies, but is more common in premature babies. The more premature the baby, the greater the chances that apnea will occur.

Premature Infant

A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is considered premature, that is, born before complete maturity.