Skip to main content Skip to navigation
We care about your privacy. Read about your rights and how we protect your data. Get Details

Horseshoe Kidney

Key Points about Horseshoe Kidney (Renal Fusion)

  • Horseshoe kidney is when the two kidneys join (fuse) together at the bottom. They form a 'U' shape like a horseshoe. It is also known as renal fusion.
  • The condition occurs when a baby is growing in the womb, as the baby’s kidneys move into place. Horseshoe kidney can occur alone or with other disorders.
  • Researchers aren’t sure exactly why horseshoe kidney occurs. It may be caused by a problem with chromosomes. Horseshoe kidney can occur along with some genetic disorders, such as Turner syndrome and Edward syndrome.
  • About 1 out of 3 children with horseshoe kidney will have a problem with the heart and blood vessels, nervous system or genitourinary system.
  • The condition can’t be changed or cured. But a child with no symptoms may not need any treatment. If your child has symptoms or related problems, those will be treated.
  • A child with horseshoe kidney is more at risk of kidney injury. A child with horseshoe kidney may not be able to play contact sports.
  • What is horseshoe kidney?
  • What causes horseshoe kidney?
  • Which children are at risk for horseshoe kidney?
  • What are the symptoms of horseshoe kidney?
  • How is horseshoe kidney diagnosed?
  • How is horseshoe kidney treated?
  • What are possible complications of horseshoe kidney?
  • How can I help my child live with horseshoe kidney?
  • When should I call my child’s health care provider?
Children's Team

Children's Team

Providers

Hans Pohl

Hans Pohl

Chief, Division of Urology | Urologist
Harry Rushton

Harry Rushton

Emeritus Chair and Faculty, Division of Urology | Urologist
Departments

Departments

Wetting, Infections, and Stooling Help (WISH)

We are dedicated to helping children overcome challenges with wetting problems and urinary tract infections in our WISH Clinic (Wetting, Infections, and Stooling Help).

Nephrology

Learn how our highly skilled team works across divisions to treat kidney disease in children.

Urology

At Children’s National Hospital in Washington, D.C., our pediatric urologists provide comprehensive care for disorders affecting reproductive and urinary organs.

Invest in future cures for some of life's most devastating diseases

See other ways to give

Share your birthday with a child. Celebrate your life, and give a chance to someone who desperately wants to have as many as you.

Share your birthday with a child. Celebrate your life, and give a chance to someone who desperately wants to have as many as you. Make it happen