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Pediatric Retinal Disorders
Retinal disorders in children are different than those in adults. The pediatric ophthalmologists at Children's National Hospital are experts at identifying ophthalmic disorders in children. They are familiar with the retinal manifestations of systemic diseases in children and work closely with their colleagues at Children's National and in the community. In addition, retina specialists with interest in children's eye diseases are on the hospital staff and help provide medical and surgical retina care when needed.
Learn more about the Division of Ophthalmology.
- Retinopathy of prematurity
- Coats’ disease
- Sickle cell disease
- Infectious retinal diseases
- Sensory retinal disorders (i.e. achromatopsia, Leber congenital amaurosis)
- Degenerative retinal disorders (i.e. juvenile retinoschisis)
- Congenital malformations of the optic nerve and retina (i.e. coloboma or optic nerve hypoplasia)
- Trauma to the eye including retinal detachment
- Retinal disorders that diagnose systemic disease (i.e. Aicardi syndrome)
Patients are evaluated at Children's National for retinal disorders. Children who need urgent surgical retinal care are referred immediately to pediatric retina specialists on the staff. Once a month, a retina specialist holds a medical retina clinic at Children's National's Eye Clinic.
A retinal disorder occurs when the retina malfunctions. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue on the inside and back of the eye. Vision originates in the retina which contains photoreceptor cells that convert light into electrical impulses. These impulses are the visual information or "pictures" that travel to the brain via the optic nerve. Most retinal disorders involve a disruption in the transmission of these impulses.
There are many kinds of retinal disorders with a wide variety of causes and symptoms.
- A white pupil
- A loss or partial loss of vision
- Night blindness
- A shower of black floaters in vision
- Sudden, persistent flashing lights
- An intolerance of light
To diagnose retinal disorders, a full ophthalmologic examination is required with the retina dilated for evaluation. Other tests may include:
- Ultrasound of the eye
- Visual fields (Goldmann or Humphrey)
- CT Scan of the orbit
- Ocular coherence tomography (OCT)
- Electroretinogram (ERG)
- Retinal photography
The treatment of retinal disorders varies widely depending on the type of disease. Children's National's pediatric ophthalmologists are experts in identifying ophthalmic disorders in children. They are familiar with the retinal manifestations of systemic diseases in children and evaluate and treat common, as well as extremely rare, disorders of the eye. Children's National's team of surgeons provides the best trauma and retina care in the region.
Our specialized pediatric ophthalmologists are experts at recognizing and treating complex eye conditions in infants and children.
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