In diagnosing a nosebleed, your health care provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she may also ask about any recent accidents or injuries. He or she will give your child a physical exam.
Treating a nosebleed includes:
- Calming and comforting your child
- Have your child sit up and lean forward slightly. Don’t have your child lie down. This is to prevent him or her from swallowing blood. Swallowing blood may make your child vomit. Don’t have your child put his or her head between the knees. This can make bleeding worse.
- Tell your child to breathe out of his or her mouth. Gently pinch the nostrils closed for five to ten minutes. Don’t stop pinching to check if bleeding has stopped.
- Apply a cold compress to the bridge of the nose. Don’t put tissues or gauze in your child’s nose.
- If bleeding does not stop, repeat the above steps again.
- Once the bleeding stops, tell your child not to rub, pick or blow his or her nose for two to three days. This will let the broken blood vessel heal.
If your child’s nose doesn’t stop bleeding, take him or her to see a health care provider. In some cases the provider may apply heat to close a blood vessel. This is called cauterization. It is a quick procedure. Talk with your child’s health care provider about the risks, benefits and possible side effects of all treatments.