Being shorter than normal is the most common feature of TS as your child grows. The average adult height of a woman with TS is 4 feet, 8 inches. Your child may also have cubitus valgus. This means that when she stands with her arms at her side, her elbows will be slightly bent. She can’t keep her arms perfectly straight at her side.
Most women with TS are born with poorly formed or missing ovaries. Ovaries make estrogen, and without it a girl with TS will not develop sexually. The usual signs of puberty don’t happen unless the girl is given hormone therapy. This includes breast development and menstrual periods. Many girls with the syndrome may not be able to have children as adults.
Other common problems with TS affect the heart, kidney and thyroid. About 1 in 10 girls with TS are born with coarctation of the aorta. This means the main artery that leaves the heart is narrowed. This problem sometimes needs to be fixed with surgery.
Girls with TS generally have normal intelligence and tend to score higher on their verbal IQ than their nonverbal IQ. But they may have problems in the areas of spatial perception. They may also have certain learning disabilities.
Other possible problems include:
- Middle ear infections
- Dry skin
- High blood pressure