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Pediatric Diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2

What is diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes is a condition in which sufficient amounts of insulin are either not produced, or the body is unable to use the insulin that is produced. Diabetes can be defined as a metabolic disorder because the disease affects the way the body uses food to make glucose, the main source of fuel for the body. Diabetes may be the result of conditions such as genetic syndromes, chemicals, medications, malnutrition, infections, viruses or other illnesses. The three main types of diabetes include:

  • Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks the cells that produce insulin, resulting in either no insulin or a low amount of insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily in order to live.
  • Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a result of the body's inability to make enough, or to properly use insulin. Type 2 diabetes may be controlled with diet, exercise and weight loss, but it may also require oral or injected medication and/or insulin injections.
  • Gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a condition in which the glucose level is elevated and other diabetic symptoms appear during pregnancy when the woman has not previously been diagnosed with diabetes. In many cases of gestational diabetes, all diabetic symptoms disappear following delivery.
Children's Team

Children's Team

Providers

Fran Cogen

Fran Cogen

Director, Childhood and Adolescent Diabetes Program
Diabetologist
Andrew Dauber

Andrew Dauber

Division Chief, Endocrinology
Program Director, Endocrinology Fellowship
Our Stories

Our Stories

Lakin teaser image

Lakin's Story

For the Bassler family, this past spring was filled with big changes and new learnings about type 1 diabetes. For Lakin, it was about learning to live with her disease.

Departments

Departments

Diabetes Program (Childhood and Adolescent)

Our Childhood and Adolescent Diabetes Program is one of the largest pediatric diabetes program in the Mid-Atlantic region, providing care for children and young adults from Washington, D.C., Maryland and Virginia.

Weight-Loss Surgery (Bariatric Surgery) Program
Learn about bariatric (weight-loss) surgery for children and teens at our teen-centered Bariatric Surgery Program.
Endocrinology and Diabetes

Learn more about the Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes which is a nationally recognized leader in treating a variety of endocrine disorders.

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Share your birthday with a child. Celebrate your life, and give a chance to someone who desperately wants to have as many as you.

Share your birthday with a child. Celebrate your life, and give a chance to someone who desperately wants to have as many as you. Make it happen