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Coronavirus Update: What patients and families need to know

Newborn Neurologic Disorders

What is intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH)?

Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is bleeding inside or around the ventricles, the spaces in the brain containing the cerebral spinal fluid.

  • Intraventricular means within the ventricles
  • Hemorrhage means excessive bleeding

Intraventricular hemorrhage is most common in premature babies, especially very low birthweight babies weighing less than 1,500 grams (3 pounds, 5 ounces).

Anatomy of the brain, showing the ventricles

What is periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)? 

Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is characterized by the death or damage and softening of the white matter, the inner part of the brain that transmits information between the nerve cells and the spinal cord, as well as from one part of the brain to another.

  • Periventricular means around or near the ventricles, the spaces in the brain containing the cerebrospinal fluid
  • Leuko means white
  • Malacia means softening 

Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Periventricular Leukomalacia

Children's Team

Children's Team

Providers

Taeun Chang

Taeun Chang

Director, Neonatal Neurology and Neonatal Neurocritical Care Program
Neonatal and Prenatal Neurologist
Our Stories

Our Stories

Sadie leans over pastel-colored blanket

Sadie's Story

Sadie is one of hundreds of infants with acute encephalopathy who have received whole-body therapeutic hypothermia at the Children's National neonatal intensive care unit. Whole-body therapeutic hypothermia is offered in the first few hours of life to preserve brain cells and to stave off disability or death.

Patient Avery Bullard at the Race for Every Child.

Avery's Story

Faced with an APGAR score of one, which indicated Avery was struggling, the team quickly recognized the infant had hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), one of the most severe complications that can affect full-term infants.

Departments

Departments

Neonatal Neurology and Neonatal Neurocritical Care Program

The Neonatal Neurology and Neurocritical Care Program at Children’s National is the only one of its kind in the mid-Atlantic region and a leader in advancing neurologic care to some of our most critically ill newborns.

Neonatology

Whether your infant has arrived prematurely or has a critical illness, the Children’s National Hospital top-ranked team assists in coordinating every service you and your baby need, including consultations, assessments, emergency treatments and continuing care.

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Mila's Story

Baby Mila in her stoller with a Happy New Year hat.

As soon as Mila was born at 35.5 gestational weeks, it was clear something was terribly wrong. Mila’s breathing didn’t sound right. Her mother waited to hear her newborn cry. Following diagnostic imaging and genetic testing, her newborn daughter's health concerns were revealed. 

Read More of Mila's Story