Fanconi anemia is a blood disorder. With this condition, the bone marrow doesn't make enough blood cells. Or it makes defective blood cells.
Bone marrow is the spongy material inside bones. It makes white and red blood cells, and platelets.
- Red blood cells carry oxygen through the body.
- White blood cells help fight infection.
- Platelets help with clotting.
All these cells die after a certain amount of time. They constantly need to be replaced.
Fanconi anemia is a very rare genetic condition. That means it runs in families. It is passed from parents to children. The condition can affect your child's whole body. It can cause physical problems, failure of the bone marrow and organ defects. It also increases the chance of getting some cancers, especially of the blood (leukemia).