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Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplant

What is a bone marrow transplant for children?

A bone marrow transplant (BMT) is a treatment for children with certain types of cancer or other diseases. The goal of BMT is to replace a child’s diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow.

Bone marrow is the spongy material in the center of the bones that makes all types of blood cells, including young blood cells called stem cells. In BMT, stem cells are filtered, and then put back into the same child. Or they are put into another sick child. These stem cells will grow and become new and healthy bone marrow. Transplanted stem cells are called the graft.

There are different types of BMT depending on how the healthy stem cells are collected:

Types of Bone Marrow Transplants

  • Autologous bone marrow transplant
  • Allogeneic bone marrow transplant
  • Umbilical cord blood transplant

About This Treatment

  • What specialists will manage my child's bone marrow transplant?
  • Why might my child need a bone marrow transplant?
  • What are the risks of a bone marrow transplant for a child?

Pre and Post Operative Care

  • How do I help my child get ready for a bone marrow transplant?
  • What happens during a bone marrow transplant for a child?
  • What happens after a bone marrow transplant for a child?
Applicable Conditions

Applicable Conditions

Rhabdomyosarcoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that originates in the soft tissues of the body, including the muscles, tendons, and connective tissues.

Neuroblastoma

Pediatric neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor that begins in nerve tissue of infants and very young children.

Children's Team

Children's Team

Providers

Our Stories

Our Stories

headshot of Carly Nguyen

Carly's Story

Bone marrow experts and a selfless donation save a local teen’s life.

Bone marrow transplant patient with his mother.

Bryce's Story

A young boy is cured from sickle cell disease due to a groundbreaking clinical trial at Children's National.

Jozlyn's Story

Jozlyn's Story

Jozlyn was born with sickle cell disease and couldn't participate in many activities, but three years ago, she had a bone marrow transplant, and is now back at school and is a cheerleader.

christopher teaser image

Christopher's Story

Christopher Melkonian was six years old when he came down with a low-grade fever and diffuse bone pain. Unsure of what was happening, his parents Darlene and David took him to Children’s National Health System and soon found out that Christopher had acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), a type of blood and bone marrow cancer that affects white blood cells.

Molly dancing

Molly's Story

Saved by a bone marrow donation from her brother, Davis, and strengthened by a personalized T-cell therapy post transplant, Molly’s life is back on track and she’s dancing again.

Deborah Owens

Deborah Owens' Story

"His future depended on the transplant, and I knew I had to do something to help," school nurse Deborah Owens, LPN, says. Learn how Owens went on to educate a community and save one child's life through bone marrow transplantation.

Departments

Departments

Comprehensive Sickle Cell Disease Program

The Comprehensive Sickle Cell Disease Program at Children’s National is among the largest and most comprehensive pediatric sickle cell disease programs in the country.

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Whether your child needs a simple blood test or more advanced laboratory procedure, we understand it can be a frightening experience for a child and difficult for parents.

Blood and Marrow Transplant

Our blood and bone marrow disease experts provide advanced transplant procedures for children and teenagers.

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Share your birthday with a child. Celebrate your life, and give a chance to someone who desperately wants to have as many as you. Make it happen