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2016

Study Illuminates How HIV Can Infect Kidney Epithelial Cells That Lack CD4 Receptors

A team of Children’s National Health System researchers led by nephrologist Patricio Ray, MD, published a paper November 3 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology that establishes a new role for transmembrane TNF-alpha, that of a facilitator that makes it easier for human immunodeficiency virus  (HIV) to enter certain cell types and replicate there.  

Minimally Invasive Surgery Brings Lasting Relief to Children With Pediatric Achalasia

Imagine the feeling of food stuck in your throat. For children with esophageal achalasia, that feeling is a constant truth: The muscles in the esophagus fail to function properly and the lower valve, or sphincter, of the esophagus controlling the flow of food into the stomach doesn’t relax enough to allow in food — causing a backup, heartburn, chest pain, and many other painful symptoms. For children, surgery is the best hope for permanent relief.