Scientists are developing a smartphone app that they say can accurately detect Down syndrome in infants soon after birth. Down syndrome, a genetic disorder that affects about 1-in-1,000 children worldwide, causes physical and intellectual disabilities. Early detection is beneficial to the development of children with the disorder, but that requires sophisticated medical tests not available everywhere. In developed countries, Down syndrome is often detected during prenatal screenings. But in less-developed countries, these tests are often not available. Marius Linguraru, a principal investigator at Washington’s Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, said genetic defects can be hard to diagnose after a baby is born.
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A team of researchers from Children’s National Health System used 3-D volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in an innovative study that reported that when the placenta fails to grow adequately in a fetus with congenital heart disease (CHD), it contributes to impaired fetal growth and premature birth.
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Doctors from Children's National Health System explain the use of 3D printers to create organ replicas.
Catherine M. Bollard, MD, was appointed senior scientist in the Center for Cancer and Immunology Research and Co-Director of the Immunology Initiative of the Sheikh Zayed Institute.