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Understanding your child's condition is an important step on your treatment journey. Learn more about causes, symptoms and diagnosis for a variety of conditions, as well as unique treatments and research being performed at Children's National.

Branchial Cleft Abnormalities

A branchial cleft abnormality is a cluster of abnormally formed tissue in the neck. Learn more about this condition.


Burns are painful wounds caused by thermal, cold, electrical, chemical or electromagnetic energy. Learn more about this condition in children.

Cleft Lip/Cleft Palate

Cleft lip is a split in the lip, while cleft palate is a split in the roof of the mouth. Discover more about diagnosis, complications and treatment options.

Pediatric Craniosynostosis

Learn more about the symptoms, causes and treatments for craniosynostosis, a condition that affects skull bone growth.

Deformational Plagiocephaly

Deformational plagiocephaly (flat head syndrome) is when a baby’s head develops a lasting flat spot. Learn more about this condition.

Hemangioma on the face of a baby

Hemangioma and Vascular Malformations

Hemangiomas and vascular malformations are commonly known as “birthmarks.” They can be present at birth or appear in the first months of life.


Microtia is a condition in which a child is born with an ear or ears deformed or absent.