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Conditions

Understanding your child's condition is an important step on your treatment journey. Learn more about causes, symptoms and diagnosis for a variety of conditions, as well as unique treatments and research being performed at Children's National Hospital.

Amblyopia (lazy eye)

Amblyopia, often called "lazy eye," is poor sight in a normal eye. Learn more about this eye condition.

Cataracts

A cataract is a clouding or opaque area over the lens of the eye – an area that is normally transparent. Learn more about this condition.

Childhood Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition in which the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises as a result of the fluid aqueous humor not draining properly. Glaucoma that occurs in a child is called childhood glaucoma. Learn more about this condition.

Cranial Nerve Palsies

Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatments for children with cranial nerve palsies, weakness in cranial nerves that cause problems with eye functions,.

Esotropia and Exotropia

Esotropia and exotropia are types of strabismus, which is a condition in which the eyes are not properly aligned. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatments for esotropia and exotropia.

Hypertropia

Hypertropia happens when either eye drifts or looks upward. Learn more about this condition.

Tear Duct (Nasolacrimal Duct) Anomalies

Tear duct (nasolacrimal duct) anomalies are problems with tear duct development that many babies are born with. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatments for tear duct anomalies.

Nerve Palsies/Ocular Nerves Disorders

The movement and alignment of the eyes is controlled by multiple nerves originating from the brain. Processes that interfere with the precise functioning of these delicate nerves can lead to misalignment of the eyes or abnormal eye movements. Learn more about this condition.

Optic Nerve Gliomas

An optic nerve glioma is is a tumor that grows on the optic nerve (or visual pathway). Learn more about this condition.