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Coronavirus Update:What patients and families need to know

Conditions

Understanding your child's condition is an important step on your treatment journey. Learn more about causes, symptoms and diagnosis for a variety of conditions, as well as unique treatments and research being performed at Children's National.

Fleas, Mites, and Chiggers

Fleas, mites, and chiggers often bite humans, but are not poisonous. It is sometimes difficult to assess which type of insect caused the bite, or if the rash is caused by poison ivy or other skin conditions.

Fungal Infections

Skin fungi live in the top layer of skin cells in moist areas of the body, such as between the toes or in the groin and diaper area. Sometimes, the normal balances that keep fungi in check are upset, resulting in an infection.

Hemangioma

A hemangioma is a type of birthmark. It is the most common benign (noncancerous) tumor of the skin. Hemangiomas may be present at birth (faint red mark) or may appear in the first months after birth.

Herpes Zoster (Shingles)

Herpes zoster, or shingles, is a reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (chickenpox). The virus causes a painful rash of small blisters on a strip of skin anywhere on the body.

Impetigo

Impetigo is a superficial infection of the skin caused by bacteria. The lesions are often grouped together, have a red base, and are open but close over to form a honey-colored crust. 

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral disease of the skin that causes small pink- or skin-colored bumps on the skin of a child. 

Non-Infectious Skin Conditions

There are many different non-infectious skin conditions that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional.

Parasitic Infections

Skin parasites are small insects or worms that burrow into the skin to live there or lay their eggs.