Skip to main content Skip to navigation
We care about your privacy. Read about your rights and how we protect your data. Get Details

Billie Lou Short, MD

Division Chief | Neonatology
Awards and Recognition:
    Top Doctors
    No. Va. Magazine
    (2015, 2016, 2017, 2018)
View My Research Profile


  • Main Hospital Washington, District of Columbia 20010 1-888-884-BEAR (2327)

Languages Spoken

  • English


Board Certifications

  • American Board of Pediatrics
  • American Board of Pediatrics/Neonatal-Perinatal

National Provider ID: 1255418612

This faculty member (or a member of their immediate family) has a working relationship (i.e. consulting, research, and/or educational services) with the companies listed below. These relations have been reported to the health system leadership and, when appropriate, management plans are in place to address potential conflicts.

Outside Interests

  •  McKessen



Dr. Short is a Professor of Pediatrics at George Washington University School of Medicine, and Chief of the Division of Neonatology at Children’s National Health System. She joined the staff of Children’s Hospital in 1980, after completing her pediatric training at the University of Oklahoma and her neonatology subspecialty training at Children’s National.

In 1984 she with two of her colleagues started the Extracorporeal Life Support (ECMO) Program at Children’s National. The Children’s National ECMO program was the 1st to be developed at a major children’s hospital and the 7th program to open in the country. The clinical program quickly became one of the largest ECMO programs in the nation with a strong research arm under the direction of Dr. Short. In recognition of this work she was honored as an inaugural Fellow in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (FELSO). She was a member of the Founding Steering Committee for the ELSO organization, and was president from 1994-1995.

She is also a member of the Board of Directors for the Children’s Hospitals Neonatal Consortium (CHNC) that has established one of the largest quality outcome databases for complex patients cared for in Neonatal Intensive Care Units based at Children’s Hospitals. The Consortium consists of over 34 of the major children’s hospital programs in the United States and Canada. The quality outcome programs within the CHNC have changed outcome significantly for the high risk patients taken care of in Children’s Hospitals NICUs across the country. Her research and clinical work is represented by over 180 articles and book chapters in the field of neonatal-perinatal medicine.

Education & Training

Education & Training

  • Fellowship Program, Neonatology, 1979
    Children's National Medical Center
  • Residency Program, Pediatrics, 1977
    Oklahoma Children's Hospital
  • Internship Program, Pediatrics, 1975
    Children's Medical Center-Tulsa
  • MD, 1974
    Univ of Oklahoma at Oklahoma City College of Medicine
  • BS, BS, 1969
    NW State College
Patient Stories

Patient Stories: Billie Lou Short

Baby Mila in her stoller with a Happy New Year hat.

Mila's Story

As soon as Mila was born at 35.5 gestational weeks, it was clear something was terribly wrong. Mila’s breathing didn’t sound right. Her mother waited to hear her newborn cry. Following diagnostic imaging and genetic testing, her newborn daughter's health concerns were revealed. 

Jared first day of 8th grade

Jared's Story

"At almost 14 now, he is about 5' 7" and is a normal teenager about to start high school next year with no lingering effects of his rough start to life. We've always thought of him as our miracle baby, and we still do."

three kids

Jayla's Story

"Look forward to those moments when you bring your child home and can begin planning for the future and all the fun events that you take on as a parent. Stay strong and stay encouraged."

Patient story

Ndea's Story

"I was in disbelief and sacred out of my mind. It was one of those days a mom never forgets."

Timothy Diving

Timothy's Story

 "Other than the scar on the right side of his neck, there are no visible signs that he went through such grave trauma at birth."



Children's Expert Joins Doctor Radio to Discuss the Evolution of ECMO

Billie Lou Short, MD, was a guest on Doctor Radio, covering the evolution of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), told through the case of one of the hospital's first ECMO patients who, now 30 years later, is a hospitalist at a children's hospital in Tennessee.

Research & Publications

Research & Publications

Arterial puncture

(2007) Atlas of Procedures in Neonatology

Blood sampling

(2007) Atlas of Procedures in Neonatology

Born too soon born too small

(2007) 6th Edition of Children with Disabilities

ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation the Advanced Therapies for Respiratory Failure

(2006) The 22nd Annual CNMC Symposium

Molecular and descriptive epidemiology of multidrugresistant Enterobacteriaceae in hospitalized infants

(2008) Infection Control Hospital Epidemiology

Pulmonary vein stenosis diagnosed after failure to wean from ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

(2008) Pediatric Cardiology

The 27th Annual Conference by the Sea

(2007) The Extracorporeal Life Support

The 2nd International Conference on Pediatric Mechanical Circulatory Support Systems Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Perfusion

(2006) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: respiratory support


(2007) Atlas of Procedures in Neonatology

View publications on PubMed

The NICU at Children’s National Health System


Billie Short, MD, Division Chief, Neonatology, discusses how the top-ranked, level IV NICU at Children’s National Health System functions daily to take care of high-risk infants and their families.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Jeremiah's Story

Patient story

"Through the ups and downs and the uncertainty of what was to come, I asked questions. The surgical team was available to personally answer my questions."

Read More of Jeremiah's Story