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Education & Training

  • Fellowship, Neonatology, 1979
    Children's National Medical Center
  • Residency, Pediatrics, 1977
    Oklahoma Children's Hospital
  • Internship, Pediatrics, 1975
    Oklahoma Children's Hospital
  • MD, 1974
    University of Oklahoma-Oklahoma City
  • BS, BS, 1969

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Pediatrics
  • American Board of Pediatrics/Neonatal-Perinatal

Awards & Recognition

  • Top Doctors No Va Magazine (2023, 2022, 2021)

National Provider ID: 1255418612


Billie Lou Short, M.D., is a Professor of Pediatrics at George Washington University School of Medicine, and Chief of the Division of Neonatology at Children’s National Hospital. She joined the staff of Children’s National in 1980, after completing her pediatric training at the University of Oklahoma and her neonatology subspecialty training at Children’s National.

In 1984, Dr. Short, with two of her colleagues, started the Extracorporeal Life Support (ECMO) Program at Children’s National. The Children’s National ECMO program was the first to be developed at a major children’s hospital and the seventh program to open in the country. The clinical program quickly became one of the largest ECMO programs in the nation, with a strong research arm under the direction of Dr. Short. In recognition of this work, she was honored as an inaugural fellow in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (FELSO). She was a member of the Founding Steering Committee for the ELSO organization, and was president from 1994-1995.

She is also a member of the Board of Directors for the Children’s Hospitals Neonatal Consortium (CHNC) that has established one of the largest quality outcome databases for complex patients cared for in Neonatal Intensive Care Units based at children’s hospitals. The Consortium consists of over 34 of the major children’s hospital programs in the United States and Canada. The quality outcome programs within the CHNC have changed outcome significantly for the high-risk patients taken care of in children’s hospital NICUs across the country. Her research and clinical work is represented by over 180 articles and book chapters in the field of neonatal-perinatal medicine.

This faculty member (or a member of their immediate family) has a working relationship (i.e. consulting, research, and/or educational services) with the companies listed below. These relations have been reported to the health system leadership and, when appropriate, management plans are in place to address potential conflicts.

Outside Interests

  •  McKesson

Research & Publications

Arterial puncture

(2007) Atlas of Procedures in Neonatology

Blood sampling

(2007) Atlas of Procedures in Neonatology

Born too soon born too small

(2007) 6th Edition of Children with Disabilities

ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation the Advanced Therapies for Respiratory Failure

(2006) The 22nd Annual CNMC Symposium

Molecular and descriptive epidemiology of multidrugresistant Enterobacteriaceae in hospitalized infants

(2008) Infection Control Hospital Epidemiology

Pulmonary vein stenosis diagnosed after failure to wean from ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

(2008) Pediatric Cardiology

The 27th Annual Conference by the Sea

(2007) The Extracorporeal Life Support

The 2nd International Conference on Pediatric Mechanical Circulatory Support Systems Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Perfusion

(2006) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: respiratory support


(2007) Atlas of Procedures in Neonatology