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Conditions and Treatments

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Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is the most common type of dwarfism, in which the child's arms and legs are short in proportion to body length. Learn more about this condition.

Acne

Acne is the term for plugged pores, pimples, and deeper lumps that occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and even the upper arms.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

Cancer specialists at Children’s National in Washington, D.C., provide expert treatment for children who have acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Learn more about this condition, including its symptoms, what causes and how we treat it.

Acute Renal Failure

Renal failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function. There are two different types of renal failure—acute and chronic.

Adenoid and Tonsil Hypertrophy

Enlarged adenoids may cause nasal obstruction, recurrent sinusitis, post nasal drip, sleep apnea, chronic runny nose, halitosis and even chronic cough. Large tonsils may cause sleep apnea at night and difficulty with swallowing during the day.

Agammaglobulinemia

Discover more about X-linked agammaglobulinemia in children, how it is inherited and its link to infections.

Age-Appropriate Hearing Milestones

Hearing problems may be suspected in children who are not responding to sounds or who are not developing their language skills appropriately. The following are some age-related guidelines that may help to decide if your child is having hearing problems.

Age-Appropriate Speech and Language Milestones

Hearing problems may be suspected in children who are not responding to sounds or who are not developing their language skills appropriately. Read about age-appropriate speech and language milestones for children.