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Infectious Diseases

Discover the procedures and treatments we provide at Children's National Hospital. Providers at Children's National work with you and your family to decide on the best care plan for your child. Learn more about the Division of Infectious Diseases.

Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a rare condition that affects the area of the spinal cord called gray matter and causes the body’s muscles to become weak. Learn more about this condition.


COVID-19 is a virus that is common in people and many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats and bats.

Fever of Unknown Origin

A fever is defined by most healthcare providers as a temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) and higher when taken rectally. Learn more about this condition.

Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono)

Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is a contagious illness that is common in teens and young adults. Learn more about this condition.


Influenza (flu) is a very contagious viral infection that affects the air passages of the lungs. Learn more about this condition.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. Learn more about this condition.


Meningitis is a swelling (inflammation) of the thin membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord. Learn more about this condition.

A man's forearm with a red monkeypox rash on it.


Monkeypox is a rare disease that is similar to smallpox. Learn more about this condition.


Human parechoviruses (PeVs) are common childhood viruses that spread through respiratory droplets and contact with bodily fluids or fecal matter. Learn more about this condition.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

If you’re having any kind of sex, it’s important for you to stay informed about STIs. To get started, take a look at the information and resources we have compiled to educate you about sexually transmitted diseases.