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Pacemaker Implantation (Treatment)

Children's National's interventional electrophysiology team developed and perfected techniques for transvenous pacemaker and defibrillator implantation in children. Learn more about this treatment.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) diagram

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)

Patent ductus arteriosus is a heart problem characterized by the persistence of a normal prenatal connection between the aorta and the pulmonary artery. Learn more about this condition.

Pulmonary Atresia

Pulmonary atresia means that there is an abnormal development of the pulmonary valve. Learn more about this condition.

Pulmonary Stenosis

Pulmonary stenosis is a congenital defect that occurs due to abnormal development of the prenatal heart during the first eight weeks of pregnancy. Learn more about this condition.

Pulmonary Valve Treatment

Learn about the Melody Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Therapy, an advanced treatment for pulmonary valve disease.

Resynchronization Therapy for Cardiomyopathy

Resynchronization therapy involves a type of pacemaker in which electrical impulses are delivered to the heart to help correctly time or "resynchronize" the heart's contractions.

Single Ventricle Anomalies and the Fontan Procedure

Single ventricle anomalies are rare congenital heart defects in which one of the ventricles (or chambers) of the heart does not develop properly, or when the heart can’t be separated into two chambers. Learn how the Fontan procedure can be performed to help your child receive better oxygenation and exercise capacity.


Syncope is a brief loss of consciousness and muscle tone. It’s caused when the brain doesn’t get enough blood. Learn more about this condition.

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF or TET) is a condition of several related congenital defects of the prenatal heart during the first eight weeks of pregnancy. Learn more about this condition.

Ryan W.'s Story


When Ryan turned 2 months old, his parents noticed a change in his behavior. Their son – who once loved to eat – suddenly stopped nursing, began sleeping more than usual, gradually became fussy and struggled to breathe when he laid down.

Read More of Ryan W.'s Story