What patients and families need to know
Brain and Nervous System
Discover the conditions we treat and treatments we provide at Children's National Hospital. Providers at Children's National work with you and your family to decide on the best care plan for your child. Learn more about the Center for Neuroscience and Behavioral Medicine.
Cerebrovascular disorders refer to a number of conditions that in children are typically linked to congenital malformations of the arteries and/or veins that circulate the blood supply throughout the brain. Learn more about this condition.
A Chiari malformation is a congenital (present at birth) defect in the area of the back of the head where the brain and spinal cord connect. The condition is also called Arnold Chiari malformation. Learn more about this condition.
A mild traumatic brain injury or concussion is a disruption in the function of the brain as a result of a forceful blow to the head, either direct or indirect. Learn more about this condition.
Dizziness is a sensation of light-headedness or feeling faint. Learn more about this condition.
Dysautonomia is a disorder of the autonomic nervous system. This dysfunction causes many different symptoms, including Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS).
A headache is pain or discomfort in the head or face area. The most common are tension headaches and migraine headaches. Learn more about this condition.
Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is excessive fluid in and around the brain. It occurs from a lack of absorption, blockage of flow, or overproduction of the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) that's made inside the ventricles. Learn more about this condition.
Epilepsy is a brain condition that causes a child to have seizures. Learn more about this condition.
As many as 80 percent of all children with neurofibromatosis will have associated difficulties that affect learning, including attention problems, memory problems, spatial perception difficulties, and selective problems in reading or mathematics. Learn more about this condition.
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (tumors that develop in the cells surrounding the nerves on the brain and spinal cord) may occur in up to 5% of patients with neurofibromatosis during their lifetime. Learn more about this condition.