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Education & Training

  • Fellowship Program, Epilepsy, 1993
    National Institutes of Health
  • Residency Program, Neurology, 1990
    Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • Residency Program, Pediatrics, 1987
    Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
  • MD, 1985
    Yale University School of Medicine
  • BA, History, 1980
    Yale University

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Psychiatry/Neurology-Child Neuro

National Provider ID: 1295754869


William D. Gaillard, M.D., is Chief of the Divisions of Child Neurology and of Epilepsy and Neurophysiology. He is Director of the Comprehensive Pediatric Epilepsy Program — one of the leading multidisciplinary pediatric epilepsy programs in the country. As Associate Director of the Children’s National Research Institute’s Center for Neuroscience Research, he is responsible for overseeing and organizing clinical neuroscience research. Dr. Gaillard is Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology at the George Washington University School of Medicine; Professor of Neurology, Georgetown University; and Adjunct Professor of Hearing and Speech Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park. Additionally, Dr. Gaillard holds longstanding collaborations with the Clinical Epilepsy Section (CES), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and NIH.

His innovative research utilizes advanced structural and functional imaging to examine the effects of epilepsy on brain structure and function. His pioneering work with functional imaging has changed clinical practice for patients with epilepsy, made important technical contributions to structural and functional imaging methods, and provided fundamental scientific insights on the biology of brain plasticity. Ultimately, the goal of his research is to improve the outcomes and lives of children with epilepsy.

Dr. Gaillard is the President of the American Epilepsy Society  He is past Second Vice President and Treasurer of the American Epilepsy Society, past Chair of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Commission on Diagnostics, past Chair of the ILAE Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery Task Force and past member of the Pediatric Commission. He is an editor of Epilepsy Research and a past editor of Epilepsia. He is the author of more than 180 peer-reviewed scientific papers and more than 50 chapters and holds longstanding federal and foundation grant funding.

Research & Publications

The utility of EEG monitoring in neonates with hyperammonemia due to inborn errors of metabolism

(2018) Molecular Genetics and Metabolism

MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy for medically refractory lesional epilepsy in pediatric patients: Experience and outcomes

(2018) Pediatric Neurosurgery

Neuroimaging of early life epilepsy

(2018) Pediatrics

Increased cerebral blood flow on arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging can localize to seizure focus in newborns: A report of 3 cases

(2018) Epilepsia

Why West? Comparisons of clinical, genetic and molecular features of infants with and without spasms

(2018) PLoS One