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Pediatric Molluscum Contagiosum
Key Points About Molluscum Contagiosum in Children
- Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin disease that causes small, pink or skin-colored bumps on your child’s skin.
- It is not harmful, does not have any other symptoms and is only mildly contagious.
- It is very common in children and adolescents.
- In most cases, the bumps will heal without treatment over a period of 6 to 12 months.
- Some treatments sold on the Internet may not work and may be harmful. For your child's safety, you should discuss treatment options with your child’s health care provider.
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin disease that causes small pink or skin-colored bumps on your child’s skin. It is not harmful and usually does not have any other symptoms. The virus is inside the bumps and is mildly contagious. These bumps usually clear over time.
Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus called the poxvirus. It is very common in children and adolescents.
Children can get molluscum contagiosum by skin-to-skin contact with a person who has it. The problem is found worldwide but is thought to be more common in hot, humid environments.
The bumps are small and are usually pink or skin-colored. Eventually, the bumps tend to have a small, sunken center. The bumps can show up alone or in clusters. They are not harmful, but they may make your child feel self-conscious if they appear on the face or other visible areas.
The bumps are unique and are usually diagnosed in a physical exam. Your health care provider will also take your child’s health history. Additional tests are not routinely ordered.
Treatment will depend on your child's symptoms, age and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
In most cases, the bumps will heal without treatment over a period of six to 12 months. The virus can last up to four years and leave scars. Additional treatment choices may include:
- Removing the bumps by freezing them, using lasers, or cutting them out with a special instrument
- Using medicines on the skin to help the bumps go away faster
Some treatments sold on the Internet may not work and may be harmful, according to the CDC. For your child’s safety, talk with your child's health care provider before trying any alternative treatments.
The virus inside the bump is only mildly contagious. It can be spread to other children who directly touch the bumps. The best prevention is to avoid contact with the bumps.
The virus will gradually disappear on its own. But it can take months or even years for the bumps to completely heal. During this time, it is important that your child does not scratch the bumps. Scratching them causes the virus to spread and draws out the time it takes for them to heal. You don't need to limit your child’s activities, school, child care, sports or swimming in public pools. But it is important to cover the bumps with a waterproof bandage during contact sports such as wrestling to prevent passing the virus to another person. Also help your child follow good personal hygiene, especially washing their hands often.
If you think your child has molluscum contagiosum, talk with your child’s health care provider about treatment choices.
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