Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
During the first episode of nephrotic syndrome, your child may need to stay in the hospital. Your child may need to be watched if the swelling is severe or if they have blood pressure or breathing problems.
Medicines may be used to treat initial symptoms and relapses. These may include:
- Diuretics to reduce the swelling
- Medicine to treat high blood pressure.
The medicines used to treat nephrotic syndrome weaken the immune system. Because of this, your child should not be given live vaccines. If your child has not had the chickenpox vaccine and is exposed to the virus, they may need a vaccine.
Talk with your child’s healthcare providers about the risks, benefits and possible side effects of all medicines.
Children with nephrotic syndrome may have trouble regulating their body's water balance. This can cause swelling from fluid retention (edema). The diet for a child with nephrotic syndrome may include limiting salt and fluids. This may help to regulate your child's fluid balance. Fluids include any food that is liquid at room temperature, such as ice pops and ice cream. Salt affects body swelling. Don't add salt at the table and don't give your child salty foods. Your child's healthcare provider will talk with you about how much salt and fluids your child should have each day.