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Brain and Nervous System

Discover the conditions we treat and treatments we provide at Children's National Hospital. Providers at Children's National work with you and your family to decide on the best care plan for your child. Learn more about the Center for Neuroscience and Behavioral Medicine


A migraine is a severe, throbbing type of headache. Learn more about this condition.


Neurofibromatosis is a life-long condition usually diagnosed early in life that is characterized by café au lait spots, neurofibromas, deformation of bones, brain tumors and learning disabilities. Learn more about this condition.

Neurofibromatosis Tumors

Tumors of the optic nerve and visual pathway are the most common types of brain tumors in children with neurofibromatosis. Learn more about this condition.

Neuromuscular Disorders

Neuromuscular disorders include the muscular dystrophies, inflammation of muscle (myositis), spinal muscular atrophies, myasthenia gravis and neuropathies. Learn more about these conditions.

Newborn Neurologic Disorders

There are several neurological disorders affecting newborns that require clinical care by a doctor or other healthcare professional. Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is bleeding inside or around the ventricles, the spaces in the brain containing the cerebral spinal fluid. Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is characterized by the death or damage and softening of the white matter of the brain. Learn about these conditions.

Plexiform Neurofibromas

Plexiform neurofibromas are a common complication of neurofibromatosis. Learn more about plexiform neurofibromas in children and available treatments. 


Schwannomatosis is a very rare form of neurofibromatosis. The distinguishing feature of schwannomatosis is the development of multiple tumors of the peripheral nervous system that arise in the nerve sheath and that are composed of Schwann cells. Learn more about this condition.

Vagal Nerve Stimulation (VNS)

Vagal Nerve Stimulation (VNS) is an alternative for children whose seizures are not well-controlled with medications and who are not candidates for a brain operation to eliminate seizures. Learn more about this treatment.

White Matter Injury

White matter injury (WMI), one of the most common consequences of premature birth, can produce long-term neurodevelopmental deficits. Learn more about this condition.