Treatment will depend on the specific cause of the anemia, your child’s symptoms, age and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
Your child's healthcare provider may refer you to a hematologist. This is an expert in blood disorders. If the anemia is caused by a digestive tract problem, it may need to be treated first. Your child's provider may also refer you to a gastroenterologist for this reason. He or she is an expert in digestive system problems.
Most children with megaloblastic anemia are given B-12 or folic acid supplements. Vitamin B-12 supplements are best absorbed when given by injection. Folic acid supplements are given by mouth.
Foods that have natural folate include:
- Oranges, orange juice
- Dark green and leafy vegetables
- Wheat germ
- Beans, peas, lentils
Cereals, breads, pastas and rice are fortified with man-made folic acid.
Meat and dairy products have the most vitamin B-12.