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Cardiac 3D Printing
- Laura Olivieri, MD
- Axel Krieger, PhD
- Dilip Nath, MD
- Peter Kim, MD, PhD
- Lilian Su, MD
- Fahad Alfares, MD
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of birth defect with an incidence of 150 per 1,000 live births for all lesions and six per 1,000 live births for moderate to severe lesions. Accurate display of the defect is critically important for clinical care, decision making, and surgical planning. The defect can be imaged using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), or echocardiograph (echo) images. The image quality and resolution of all three modalities have advanced significantly in recent years to where detailed three-dimensional (3D) information can be acquired. Despite the rich 3D information provided by cardiac imaging, the display of this information is still largely constrained to viewing multiple contiguous two-dimensional (2D) slices of the 3D scan, which is sub-optimal.
We hypothesize that the efficiency and quality of preoperative decision-making and surgical preparation prior to surgical correction for structural and congenital heart defects can be improved using 3D printed replicas of patient’s heart anatomy.
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