Measles is a viral infection that's highly contagious and serious for small children, but it is also 97% preventable by a vaccine. Measles has the potential for severe complications and/or death, particularly in young children.
While measles was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000, it is still common around the world, with approximately 134,200 deaths each year. Measles can come into our country easily through visitors or returning Americans who have traveled abroad and brought it back. As a result, measles outbreaks still occur every year in the United States.Linda Fu, MD, MS
, a pediatrician and Director of Immunization Quality Improvement at Children’s National Health System, talks about some of the most important things parents need to know about the measles.
Five important facts to know:
How Can Parents Protect Children from the Measles?
- Nine in 10 people who are not vaccinated and have close contact with a single person with measles will become infected.
- Measles spreads through the air when an infected person breathes, coughs or sneezes. In fact, even if you're not right next to someone with measles who’s sneezing or coughing, you can still be exposed since the live virus can linger in the air and also on surfaces two hours later.
- High vaccination rates in the United States virtually eliminated measles by the year 2000. However, in recent years, we have seen an increase in measles cases in the country.
- We had more cases in 2014 than we had previously seen in over two decades in the U.S.
- Although increased vaccine uptake has reduced the annual number of cases since 2014, in the first four months of 2017, we still had 61 cases of measles in the U.S. (including cases locally in the DC metropolitan region).
The measles vaccination is a safe and effective way of protecting your child against measles, explains Roberta DeBiasi, MD
, Division Chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
at Children's National.
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends the MMR vaccine, which also includes protection against mumps and rubella, for all children at age 12–15 months, with a second dose before the start of kindergarten or at age 4–6 years old. Two doses are also recommended for healthcare providers and post-high school-aged young people or students headed off to college. Infants ages 6 through 11 months of age who are travelling internationally should receive one dose of MMR vaccine. Learn more about the CDC guidelines
for the measles vaccination.
If you’re unsure if you or other family members are protected against measles, try to find your vaccination records or written documentation of measles immunity. If you cannot find records, receiving an extra dose of the MMR vaccine is not harmful and can be discussed with your child’s doctor.
Learn more about measles.