Our Donor Milk Program makes it possible for all Neonatal Intensive Care (NICU) babies to receive human milk. We are proud to be able to provide this life-saving therapy to our smallest patients.
The Donor Milk Program: What You Need to Know
Why use donor milk?
Although breast milk from a baby’s mother is the healthiest milk, sometimes mothers cannot provide breast milk for their babies. If this happens, we urge the use of donor milk from a milk bank rather than giving formula. Donor milk is considered a better choice than formula because:
- Human milk is digested well and feedings can be increased quickly
- We can reduce the number of days that a baby receives IV nutrition
- Human milk can protect babies against infections, especially in the gastrointestinal tract
How safe is donated milk?
The Donor Milk Program follows guidelines established by the Human Milk Banking Association of North America which regulates milk donation and banking. In order to ensure the safety of donated milk, potential donors must undergo rigorous medical tests, including blood tests for HIV and hepatitis, and pass strict lifestyle criteria before their milk is accepted.
Once donated milk is received at the milk bank, it undergoes a process called pasteurization which kills bacteria and viruses.
Why is breast milk so important?
A mother's breast milk is the preferred milk for all babies, even the most premature. Breast milk contains all the nutrients needed for growth and development.
Although commercial milk formulas are designed to be close to breast milk, most are based on cow's milk. The fats in breast milk are more easily digested.
Formula is digested more slowly than breast milk and may not be as well tolerated. In addition, breast milk contains antibodies from the mother to help protect babies from infection, something commercial formulas do not have. This protection is especially important when babies are sick or premature and may have higher chances of developing an infection.
Can I pump my own milk?
Even if your baby cannot breastfeed, you can pump your breast milk and it can be stored for gavage or nipple feedings. Depending on the amount of milk needed for feedings, formula may need to be added to breast milk. Very premature babies may need human milk fortifiers added to breast milk to meet their increased needs for protein, calcium and phosphorus.
Certified lactation consultants (IBCLC) are nurses or other healthcare providers who are specially trained to help women with breastfeeding. In our NICU, these professionals can help you learn to nurse your baby. They can also teach you about pumping and storing your breast milk for your baby.
For more information, contact Mary Revenis, M.D., at 202-476-3396 firstname.lastname@example.org.