In some cases your referring physician will order intravenous contrast for the MRI study, or the radiologist supervising the study may decide that contrast administration is necessary to make a diagnosis.
MRI contrast contains Gadolinium, and side effects occur very rarely. The most common effects of Gadolinium contrast injection are injection site symptoms, such as pain, localized warmth, burning sensation. In some cases, chest pain, back pain, fever, weakness, generalized coldness, generalized warmth, arrhythmia, tachycardia, migraine, syncope, vasodilation, gastrointestinal distress, stomach pain, throat irritation, rhinorrhea, sneezing, dyspnea, or wheezing can occur.
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF2), also known as nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (NFD), was first diagnosed in 1997 and is a rare complication of intravenous gadolinium administration. Risk factors include: advanced renal disease, age 60 years, history of hypertension, history of diabetes, and in adults with a history of severe hepatic disease/liver transplant/pending liver transplant.
Should your child experience any problems after the MRI study you can call the MRI nursing desk between 7:30 am and 8:30 pm or come to Childrens emergency department at any time.