A normal functioning urinary tract is made up of a right and left kidney that each connect to one bladder through a right and left ureter. When one of these ureters does not connect properly to the bladder and drains somewhere outside the bladder, this condition is called an ectopic ureter. In girls, the ectopic ureter usually drains into the urethra or even the vagina. In boys, it usually drains into the urethra near the prostate or into the genital duct system. Sometimes the ectopic ureter is connected to a partial kidney that is part of a duplicated kidney. This is not two separate kidneys, but one kidney that has two separate parts draining through two ureters on one side.
The method doctors use to diagnose a patient with an ectopic ureter usually depends on the symptoms a patient experiences.
Children’s National offers three techniques to treat ectopic ureter. Each child is unique and the medical team will work with the family to determine the best option.
Recovery depends on the treatment. However, infants and small children are usually hospitalized from one to five days after open surgery, depending on age, and one or two days after laparoscopic or robotic surgery. A small catheter may be left at the time of surgery, which is removed painlessly and quickly before the child goes home or in the office at a follow-up visit.
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Learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for hydronephrosis, a condition that affects the kidneys.
PUV is an abnormality of the urethra, which is the tube that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body for elimination.
Ureteropelvic junction obstruction is a blockage in the area that connects the renal pelvis (part of the kidney) to one of the tubes (ureters) that move urine to the bladder.
Hypospadias is a malformation that affects the urethral tube and the foreskin on a male's penis. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.