Arthrogryposis describes a group of congenital disorders that cause joint and muscle deformities. Babies with arthrogryposis are born with contracted, stiff joints and underdeveloped muscles. Although arthrogryposis does not worsen over time, it can cause further joint deformities if untreated.
Several conditions involving lack of movement during fetal development may cause arthrogryposis, including:
Inherited genetic mutations can cause some types of arthrogryposis, as can certain maternal problems during pregnancy:
Arthrogryposis may develop in different parts of the body. The two most common types occur in the limbs:
Many symptoms of arthrogryposis are apparent at or before birth. Signs vary depending on the type of arthrogryposis and include:
The pediatrician will discuss your family’s medical history and may request some tests, including:
Your physician can also detect joint problems and diagnose arthrogryposis before your baby is born through prenatal ultrasound of your uterus (womb).
At Children’s National, we focus on helping your child develop flexibility and strength. Among the treatments we recommend are:
Learn more about our Spine Program and Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine at Children’s National.
From sprains and strains to complex congenital, Children’s National offers one of the most experienced pediatric orthopaedic practices in the nation with experience in treating all areas from head to toe.
Invest in future cures for some of life's most devastating diseases
Share your birthday with a child. Celebrate your life, and give a chance to someone who desperately wants to have as many as you.
Eighteen months after Christopher and Julie Dobry had their son Jared, they noticed something was not right. He was experiencing intense stomach discomfort and digestive issues that seemed to only worsen over time. For years afterward, they traveled from doctor to doctor trying to find the right diagnosis.
Read More of Jared D.'s Story
Certain illnesses and medications can affect the strength and density of a child’s bones. We created the Bone Health Program to help all young patients maintain strong bones and reduce the risk of broken bones (fractures) and other injuries.