From the beginning of care, through treatment, and into recovery, we provide an experience that’s right for children and families. Children’s National Health System provides a wide range of clinical services and specialties dedicated to improving children’s health.

Horseshoe Kidney

Horseshoe kidney occurs in about one in 500 children. It occurs during fetal development as the kidneys move into their normal position in the flank area (area around the side, just above the waist).


A hydrocele occurs from an accumulation of fluid in the tunica vaginalis (a thin pouch that holds the testes within the scrotum).


Hypospadias is a malformation that affects the urethral tube and the foreskin on a male's penis. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

Inguinal Hernia

A hernia occurs when a section of intestine protrudes through a weakness in the abdominal muscles. A soft bulge is seen underneath the skin where the hernia has occurred.


Megaureter (dilated ureter) is an abnormality of one or both of the ureters of a child.


Micropenis is defined as a normally structured penis that is below the normal size range for an infant.

Phimosis and Paraphimosis

Phimosis is a constriction of the opening of the foreskin so that it cannot be drawn back over the tip of the penis.

Posterior Urethral Valve

PUV is an abnormality of the urethra, which is the tube that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body for elimination.

Prune Belly Syndrome

Prune belly syndrome is also known as triad syndrome or Eagle-Barrett syndrome.