Otitis Externa (Swimmer's Ear)

What is otitis externa?

Picture of two young girls giggling by the side of the pool

Otitis externa, also called swimmer's ear, is an inflammation of the external ear canal. Swimmer's ear is caused by fungi or bacteria. Water that remains trapped in the ear canal (when swimming, for example) may provide a source for the growth of bacteria and fungi.

Prevention & Risk Assessment

Prevention & Risk Assessment

What causes swimmer's ear?

Many different factors can increase your child's chance of developing swimmer's ear. As the name implies, one of the factors is excessive wetness as with swimming, although it can occur without swimming. Other possible causes of this infection include the following:

  • Being in warm, humid places
  • Harsh cleaning of the ear canal
  • Trauma to the ear canal
  • Dry ear canal skin
  • Foreign body in the ear canal
  • Excess cerumen (ear wax)
  • Eczema and other forms of dermatitis

What are the symptoms of swimmer's ear?

The following are the most common symptoms of swimmer's ear. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

  • Redness of the outer ear
  • Itching in the ear
  • Pain, especially when touching or wiggling the ear lobe
  • Drainage from the ear
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Swollen ear canal
  • Muffled hearing or hearing loss
  • Full or plugged-up feeling in the ear

The symptoms of swimmer's ear may resemble other medical conditions or problems. Always consult your child's doctor for a diagnosis.

Preventing swimmer's ear

The following are some hints to help prevent swimmer's ear:

  • Use ear plugs for swimming or bathing
  • Do not aggressively clean your child's ear canal
Diagnosis

Diagnosis

How is swimmer's ear diagnosed?

Swimmer's ear may be diagnosed with a complete medical history and physical examination by your child's doctor. Your child's doctor may use an otoscope, a lighted instrument that helps to examine the ear and to aid in the diagnosis of ear disorders. This will help your child's doctor know if there is also an infection in the middle ear, called otitis media. Although this infection usually does not occur with swimmer's ear, some children may have both types of infections.

Your child's doctor may also take a culture of the drainage from the ear to help determine proper treatment.

Treatments

Treatments

Treatment of swimmer's ear

Swimmer's ear, when properly treated by a health care provider, usually clears up within seven to 10 days. Specific treatment for swimmer's ear will be determined by your child's doctor based on:

  • Your child's age, overall health, and medical history

  • Extent of the condition

  • Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the condition

  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment may include

  • Antibiotic ear drops

  • Corticosteroid ear drops (to help decrease the swelling)

  • Pain medication

  • Keeping the ear dry, as directed by your child's doctor

Children's Team

Children's Team

Providers

zalzal

George Zalzal

Division Chief, Ear, Nose, and Throat (Otolaryngology)
Departments

Departments

Ear, Nose and Throat (Otolaryngology)

Our pediatric ENT (otolaryngology) experts provide advanced, comprehensive services for children.

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