Treatment for mastoiditis
Specific treatment for mastoiditis will be determined by your child's doctor based on:
Your child's age, overall health and medical history
Extent of the disease
Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Expectations for the course of the condition
Your opinion or preference
Treatment of mastoiditis usually requires hospitalization and a complete evaluation by a doctor who specializes in the ear, nose, and throat disorders (otolaryngologist). Your child, in most cases, will receive antibiotics through an intravenous (IV) catheter. Surgery is sometimes needed to help drain the fluid from the middle ear.
Your child's doctor may suggest a myringotomy, a surgical procedure which involves making a small opening in the eardrum to drain the fluid and relieve the pressure from the middle ear. A small tube may be placed in the opening of the eardrum to ventilate the middle ear and to prevent fluid from accumulating. The child's hearing is restored after the fluid is drained. The tubes usually fall out on their own after six to 12 months.
What are the effects of mastoiditis?
If the infection continues to spread, despite antibiotic therapy, the following complications may occur:
Early and proper treatment of mastoiditis is necessary to prevent the development of these life-threatening complications.