2005 Pediatric-Related News Archives

AHA Announces Availability of CPR Anytime for Family and Friends (11/30/2005)

In an innovative move to expand cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training outside the classroom, the American Heart Association (AHA) created an exciting new product that can be used by anyone who wouldn't normally attend a CPR course. CPR Anytime for Family and Friends is a self-directed training kit that combines a DVD and a personal inflatable CPR manikin to make learning the core skills of CPR easy, convenient, affordable, and fun. With this kit, CPR training takes just 22 minutes and can be done anywhere.

NHTSA Releases Older-Child Passenger Safety Progress Report (11/30/2005)

A new report assessing the nation's progress in improving the safety of older-child passengers is now available. According to officials of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), the record to-date is a mixed one; significant progress has been achieved in several important areas, but a number of complex and challenging obstacles remain.

Approximately 350 child passengers between the ages of 4 to 8 died in 2004, essentially unchanged from 2003. The report explores the advances made through 2003 in reducing injuries and fatalities among children of booster seat age and size vis-à-vis specific injury and fatality reduction goals developed by NHTSA in response to requirements in the Transportation Recall Enhancement, Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act.

The report includes:

  • A historical timeline of significant developments in the effort to increase the use of booster seats among older-child passengers;
  • Summaries of important recent research on the importance of booster seat use; an update on booster seat-related legislative activities at the state level; an outline of current and future NHTSA programs and activities to increase booster seat use;
  • Highlights of efforts conducted by other national organizations (both private sector entities and non-profit organizations) to increase booster seat use; and
  • A listing of online resources.

Children Involved in Crashes Should be Monitored for Acute Stress Symptoms Regardless of Injury (11/30/2005)

In a national study of children in motor vehicle crashes, researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia report that traumatic stress can occur without injury. Looking at a wide range of crashes reported to State Farm Insurance Companies®, researchers found that while most children did well, 2 percent of the children and 5 percent of their parents experienced multiple traumatic stress symptoms that disrupted their lives.

More than 1.5 million child-involved crashes occur in the U.S. per year, suggesting that approximately 25,000 children each year may require help in coping with reactions to a crash. Researchers urge clinicians to screen children and their parents after any crash experience. "Until now, research on traumatic stress after crashes had only examined patient populations in hospitals or clinics," Flaura Winston, MD, PhD, a pediatrician at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and lead author of the study said. "In this study, we found that, although it's less common, traumatic stress can occur in children and their parents even if a child wasn't injured in the crash." Dr Winston is also co-director and a principal investigator on the Partners for Child Passenger Safety study.

The study, published in the November issue of Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicin, examined 1,091 crashes reported to State Farm that occurred in 15 states and Washington, DC, involving 1,483 child occupants between the ages of 5 and 15, as part of Partners for Child Passenger Safety, an ongoing research collaboration between the Children's Hospital and State Farm. While traumatic stress symptoms were seen in children and their parents regardless of injury, if a child received medical care after the crash both the child and their parents were four times more likely to have serious acute stress symptoms than when no medical attention was required.