Call: 1-202-476-5000

Conditions & Treatments
Meet Our Team
Contact Information
Request an Appointment
Best Children's Hospitals
Email This Page
Print This Page


As your child’s vision system develops, the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that affect the eyes is complex because neurological complications may contribute to problems with sight and eye function.

Neuro-ophthalmology is a subspecialty of neurology and ophthalmology, requiring expertise in the functioning of the eye and the muscles and nerves that control the eye. Children’s National Medical Center has one of the only dedicated pediatric neuro-ophthalmologists in the Washington, DC, area.  

Neuro-ophthalmologist Robert Avery, DO, collaborates with a multidisciplinary team of pediatric specialists who ensure that your child receives the most comprehensive assessment and treatment from all of the necessary pediatric specialists, including:
• Geneticists
• Neurologists
• Neurosurgeons
• Oncologists
• Pediatric ophthalmologists
• Metabolism experts

Our team commonly treats children with the following conditions:
• Brain tumor-related vision loss
• Central visual impairment
• Cranial nerve abnormalities
• Double vision
• Delayed visual maturation
• Eye movement abnormalities
• Horner’s syndrome
• Increased intracranial pressure
• Migraine-associated visual changes
• Mitochondrial-related eye disorders
• Neurofibromatosis type 1
• Nystagmus (shaking eyes)
• Ocular Myasthenia Gravis
• Oculomotor apraxia (inability to execute movement)
• Opsoclonus (uncontrolled eye movement)
• Optic neuritis
• Optic nerve abnormalities (e.g., atrophy, drusen, hypoplasia)
• Papilledema (optic disc swelling)/pseudotumor cerebri (intracranial pressure)
• Pupil abnormalities
• Ptosis (drooping eye lids)
• Septo-optic dysplasia
• Vigabatrin (vision assessments for children taking vigabatrin)
• Visual field abnormalities
• Unexplained vision loss

Specialized Care for Neurofibromatosis Patients
Children with certain conditions are at an increased risk for vision problems, often a complication of a disease or disorder. It is common for children with neurofibromatosis to develop associated disorders affecting the optic nerve and visual pathway, including tumors.

Dr. Avery also serves on the interdisciplinary team for the Gilbert Family Neurofibromatosis Institute at Children’s National Medical Center, one of the leading centers in the United States for the care of neurofibromatosis patients.

Requesting a Referral
Appointments for Dr. Avery can be made by calling the number listed below.  If your child needs an evaluation by our team for glasses, amblyopia, glaucoma, uveitis, cataracts, or strabismus surgery, please discuss a referral with your current ophthalmologist.

Links to Related Divisions at Children's National

Back to top - Departments & Programs - Children's National Medical Center